RISE OF DIABETES IN MACEDONIA
Around 80.000 diabetes cases have been reported in Macedonia, and the figure is expected to rise sharply in the coming years.
According to the findings of a national survey on diabetes, carried out by Public Health Institute on the occasion of the World Diabetes Day, the numbers are escalating.
The study shows that an estimated 150.000 people in adolescent group - age 20-74 - are at risk of developing diabetes, while 20.000 have already developed the disease, and they neither know nor cure themselves.
Diabetes prevalence in the past years stood at 46 in 100.000, but the prevalence sharply rose recently to reach 67.6 in 100.000 in the year 2006.
This disease is closely linked to overweight and obesity. Obese people tend to have health problems and are at higher risk of developing the disease.
Public Health Institute said an estimated 65% of Macedonia's population at age 20-74 have elevated body weight, among them 25% are already obese.
The symptoms are excessive thirst and urination, dry skin, slow healing of sores, fuzzy vision, weakness and tiredness, a sudden loss of weight, skin or urinary infections, or lack of feeling or mild pinprick sensations on the soles of the feet. People who have metabolic syndrome of elevated blood sugar, high cholesterol and high blood pressure but not yet diabetes, can minimize the risk of the disease by losing weight, changing their diet and exercising regularly.