We found out that even in Peru there is attention for the Ohridska Pastrmka (Trout), this is the translated Article:
The endemic trout of the Ohrid lake is in extinction danger, according to experts.
The endemic trout of the lake of Ohrid, the oldest of Europe located in the southwest of Macedonia and shared with Albania, is in danger of extinction due to the uncontrolled fishing and the contamination of the water. The scientists affirm that he represents a "alive fossil" on the planet, but notice that the situation is so alarming that perhaps this so flavorful fish will not be able to be saved nor even through prohibit its fishing during the next years.
"Here, near the border no trout can be found anymore. From these two mornings I have only caught ' plasicá (fish of about 15 centimeters)", says Klime, a old man of 75 years.
The lake of Ohrid was formed more than three million years ago and is one of the oldest of the world along with Baikal, to the Southeastern of Russia, and the Tanganica, to the east of Africa.
In scientific circles the Ohrid lake is known as "A living fossil museum", then, in addition to the trouts, there are at least other 146 endemic species, like crabs, worms and moluscos.
"It is necessary to do something with urgency. One is the survival of the trouts ", recently explained the Macedonian minister, Imer Aliu.
The authorities of the city of Ohrid, raised on the foot of a medieval strength constructed by the emperor Samuel, assure that in spite of the temporary prohibition the fish is in all the menus of restaurants specialties.
Many are afraid that if the trouts dissappear, the lake could lose it’s status of natural wealth granted by UNESCO in 1979.
"It is very difficult to control all premises of the municipality. He is expensive to establish if the fish comes from the lake or some deprived breeding ground, as the retailers allege ", commented the president of the municipal Council, Vlado Chingovski.
In one of the numerous restaurants next to the dock, waiter Mihail, a 36 years old man, who says not to know from where they bring the fresh fish, receives to the clients with a long menu of fish specialties, of at least 30 euros the ration. They are popular, mainly, the traditional soup of fish and roasted "makalo", with garlic, rice and lemon, sprinkled with white wine.
In the Institute of Hidrobiología, that from 1935 works under a great rock outside the city and where limpid mountain springs run, they affirm that this fish can get to weigh until more than 10 kilos, which is a great challenge for the expensive restaurants. "Imagíne that it needs about seven years for a trout to reach a kilo and people eat it in only fifteen minutes," said Zoran Spirkovski, biologist of the Institute. During the this and the next month artificial insemination of the fish will be made there. The trouts of the last year have only grown two centimeters.
Most of the surrounding towns lack facilities to purify the waters and the municipal authorities say to notice that there is influence for the increasing tourism as well. "the lake needs 83 years to renew the water completely. For that reason, which is contaminated today will remain in the ecosystem other so many years ", adds the biologist. In the concrete breeding grounds of their institution 2.5 million trouts grew up through artificial route, which is only half of the necessary number for a sustainable biological development in the lake. In the municipal police station they explained that they seized during the last three months about 300 kilos of fish and 1,500 nets of the lake.
They presented penal denunciations against 20 people, but they explain that to save these fish a joint operation of Macedonia, Albania, the UN and the European Union is needed. The fine for the furtive fishing in Ohrid is only about 25 euros.MD: It seems that everyone cares about the fish, except Macedonia![Peru 21 - Ohrid trout article] [Peru 21]